Mhairi Black’s maiden speech

Mhairi BlackMhairi Black is the youngest (20) SNP MP and, in her maiden speech on 15th July appealed for cooperation with the Labour Party in opposing Tory government policies. Her speech covered benefit sanctions, the budget and Labour’s proposed abstention on the Government’s welfare and work bill. Here are the main highlights (for me) of the speech:

…  my constituency has … a wonderful population with a cracking sense of humour and much to offer both the tourists and to those who reside there. But the truth is that within my constituency it’s not all fantastic. We’ve watched our town centres deteriorate. We’re watched our communities decline. Our unemployment level is higher than that of the UK average. One in five children in my constituency go to bed hungry every night….

Before I was elected I volunteered for a charitable organisation and there was a gentleman who I grew very fond of. He was one of these guys who has been battered by life in every way imaginable. You name it, he’s been through it. And he used to come in to get food from this charity, and it was the only food that he had access to and it was the only meal he would get. And I sat with him and he told me about his fear of going to the Job Centre. He said “I’ve heard the stories Mhairi, they try and trick you out, they’ll tell you you’re a liar. I’m not a liar Mhairi, I’m not.” And I told him “It’s OK, calm down. Go, be honest, it’ll be fine.”

I then didn’t see him for about two or three weeks. I did get very worried, and when he finally did come back in I said to him “how did you get on?”

And without saying a word he burst into tears. That grown man standing in front of a 20-year-old crying his eyes out, because what had happened to him was the money that he would normally use to pay for his travel to come to the charity to get his food he decided that in order to afford to get to the Job Centre he would save that money. Because of this, he didn’t eat for five days, he didn’t drink. When he was on the bus on the way to the Job Centre he fainted due to exhaustion … He was 15 minutes later for the Job Centre and he was sanctioned for 13 weeks.

Now, when the Chancellor spoke in his budget about fixing the roof while the sun is shining, I would have to ask on who is the sun shining? When he spoke about benefits not supporting certain kinds of lifestyles, is that the kind of lifestyle that he was talking about?

If we go back even further when the Minister for Employment was asked to consider if there was a correlation between the number of sanctions and the rise in food bank use she stated, and I quote, “food banks play an important role in local welfare provision.” Renfrewshire has the third highest use of food banks use and food bank use is going up and up. Food banks are not part of the welfare state, they are symbol that the welfare state is failing.

Now, the Government quite rightly pays for me through tax payers money to be able to live in London whilst I serve my constituents. My housing is subsidised by the tax payer. Now, the Chancellor in his budget said it is not fair that families earning over £40,000 in London should have their rents paid for my other working people. But it is OK so long as you’re an MP? In this budget the Chancellor also abolished any housing benefit for anyone below the age of 21.

So we are now in the ridiculous situation whereby because I am an MP not only am I the youngest, but I am also the only 20-year-old in the whole of the UK that the Chancellor is prepared to help with housing. We now have one of the most uncaring, uncompromising and out of touch governments that the UK has seen since Thatcher.

It is here now that I must turn to those who I share a bench with. Now I have in this chamber for ten weeks, and I have very deliberately stayed quiet and have listened intently to everything that has been said. I have heard multiple speeches from Labour benches standing to talk about the worrying rise of nationalism in Scotland, when in actual fact all these speeches have served to do is to demonstrate how deep the lack of understanding about Scotland is within the Labour party.

I like many SNP members come from a traditional socialist Labour family and I have never been quiet in my assertion that I feel that it is the Labour party that left me, not the other way about. The SNP did not triumph on a wave of nationalism; in fact nationalism has nothing to do with what’s happened in Scotland. We triumphed on a wave of hope, hope that there was something different, something better to the Thatcherite neo-liberal policies that are produced from this chamber. Hope that representatives genuinely could give a voice to those who don’t have one.

I don’t mention this in order to pour salt into wounds which I am sure are very open and very sore for many members on these benches, both politically and personally. Colleagues, possibly friends, have lost their seats. I mention it in order to hold a mirror to the face of a party that seems to have forgotten the very people they’re supposed to represent, the very things they’re supposed to fight for.

After hearing the Labour leader’s intentions to support the changes of tax credits that the Chancellor has put forward, I must make this plea to the words of one of your own and a personal hero of mine. Tony Benn once said that in politics there are weathercocks and sign posts. Weathercocks will spin in whatever direction the wind of public opinion may blow them, no matter what principal they may have to compromise.

And then there are signposts, signposts which stand true, and tall, and principled. And they point in the direction and they say this is the way to a better society and it is my job to convince you why.

Tony Benn was right when he said the only people worth remembering in politics were signposts.

Now, yes we will have political differences, yes in other parliaments we may be opposing parties, but within this chamber we are not. No matter how much I may wish it, the SNP is not the sole opposition to this Government, but nor is the Labour party. It is together with all the parties on these benches that we must form an opposition, and in order to be effective we must oppose not abstain.

So I reach out a genuine hand of friendship which I can only hope will be taken. Let us come together, let us be that opposition, let us be that signpost of a better society. Ultimately people are needing a voice, people are needing help, let’s give them it.

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Jail the bankers !

Instead of bailing out banks and imposing austerity, Iceland jailed their reckless bankers. Our servile press rarely mentions how Iceland turned its economy around – without imposing austerity. 

 

Greece might do likewise – except that their reckless bankers are mainly German and French owned and the EU ‘rescue package’ is to recapitalise these banks.

{You can read a fuller account of what happened in Iceland here. It does contain inaccuracies – see comments – but gets nearer to the truth than most accounts.}

Austerity, Greece and us

OXIThe purpose of “Austerity” is to help the rich to rob the poor. Although packaged as “fiscal probity” to fool us (and Labour leadership candidates – three already having succumbed), that’s what it’s really all about.

I have written about “Austerity” in seven previous posts (q.v. the Austerity tag) and don’t propose to repeat myself. But the Greek “debt crisis”  has demonstrated that the monied classes of Europe all employ similar arguments so, in this new post, I will highlight some additional issues and provide three useful links.

My first (The Greek No Vote Marks a Victory for Humanity) makes the point that we have common cause with the people of Greece. Their experience demonstrates that austerity does not reduce national debt. The Greek economy has shrunk to such a degree that even the IMF  concedes that it is now impossible for Greece to pay off these historical debts.

So what happened to the bail-out money? About 90% was used to recapitalise private banks (mainly French and German) – the same people whose reckless speculation created the crisis. A mere 10% has assisted those suffering from job losses, pay and pension cuts. Austerity in Greece has been a cloak for transferring money from the poor to the already rich. This is why the “No” vote was so decisive.

All significant strands of left-wing opinion (socialists both within and outside the Labour Party, Greens and Plaid Cymru) favour debt relief or debt restructuring and, throughout Europe, more and more pressure is being exerted in this direction. Why is this said to be impossible? There are two aspects – ‘historical’ and ‘political’.

Historically, many nations have experienced comparable debt levels – including, notably, Germany. There are at least three ways in which historic debts have been eliminated – inflation, investment and debt relief. All these options are currently being denied to Greece.

This is well argued in a recent (4th July) interview with Die Zeit, by the  economist, Thomas Pikett. (The link is – “Germany has never repaid its debts“)  He argues for a “traditional” approach to deal with Greek debt – in other words, Greece should do the same as Germany and Britain did in the past.

Politically, I challenge the assumption that it is unthinkable for Greece to default – private companies do this all the time and continue to trade with the blessing of the monied classes. We all know of companies that default on their debts and then, with a different name but with the same directors and owners continue to trade.

As a committed socialist I believe “limited liability” is immoral and despicable in all circumstances and should be made illegal. But for those happy with companies that do this, why shouldn’t similar leniency be shown to a government (especially if it has no blame for the actions of its predecessor – as in Greece today).

The obvious difference is, of course, that private enterprise is allowed leniency – whereas national debt is treated as an excuse to reduce welfare spending. Simon Jenkins, in an article in The Guardian on 8th July, argues that for Greece, the worst option would be to stay in the Eurozone – in effect, it needs a planned default.

As in Britain, the Greek national debt was caused by the irresponsibility and greed of the private sector (now being bailed out by the state) whilst the EU/troika demands that the government balances its books by imposing austerity.

This is one of the ways the richest 1% have accumulated wealth at the expense of the remaining 99% – and now own 50% of the world’s total wealth.

The whole process – and the capitalist system – stinks.